10/05/2020Respiration(Senior Class Biology Study by Topics Test) 0Comments by Gate Academy Please fill in the information below. NAME EMAIL PHONE NUMBER 1. Why is it impossible to hold your breath and die? Because you'll pass out and begin breathing again. Because you can't hold your breath in your hands. You don't need to breathe. Because there's so much oxygen in your blood, you'll live forever.2. Which of the following is INCORRECT regarding inhalation? Diaphragm moves down Intercostals muscles contract Air pressure increases Lungs expand3. Small spaces in the skull thought to regulate the temperature and humidity of the air taken into the body. Sinuses Tonsils Trachea Alveoli4. The liver also makes ____ from old amino acids. CO2 Energy Urea Heat5. The Lymph tissue and lymph nodes that protect the body from infection are None of the above Bronchi and trachea Adenoids and tonsils Alveoli and sinuses6. In the production of yogurt, bacteria are dead at a temperature of 4.5oC True False7. When urine is yellow, that means you are... Hydrated Healthy Dehydrated Sick8. Which pathology is the inflammation of the mucous membrane of the nose, causing a blocked, stuffed and runny nose? Rhinitis Sinusitis Whooping cough Hayfever9. The input/output of the Electron Transport Chain is __________ Glucose/Glucose 2 ATP/ Pyruvate NADH+FADH2/ 34 or 36 ATP Pyruvate/Glucose10. Which of the following is INCORRECT regarding the lungs? Lungs are located in the abdominal cavity. Lungs are soft, spongy organs. Lungs are located in the thoracic cavity. The ribcage prevents water loss from the lungs.11. The input/output of Glycolysis is __________ Pyruvate/Glucose 1 ATP/ NADH None of the above Glucose/ Pyruvate12. Where are the electron transport chains in eukaryotic cells? The Nucleus Vacuoles The Nucleolus Inner membranes of Mitochondria13. During gas exchange, oxygen and carbon dioxide diffusion occurs in the: Body tissues Red blood cells Alveoli Venules14. The actual number of ATP molecules generated varies from cell to cell. False True15. What is the composition of oxygen in our exhaled air? 16 0.5 21 616. Aerobic respiration occurs in the... Nucleus Esophagus Mitochondria Cytoplasm17. Which type of blood cell carries oxygen from the lungs around the body? Leucocyte Erythrocyte Decomcyte Thrombocyte18. Which of the following is CORRECT regarding the respiratory system? It is lined with cilia which help to direct air into the lungs. It has capillaries that cool outgoing air. It is lined with mucous to trap oxygen. Sneezing/Coughing helps remove foreign particles from the body.19. The nasal chamber does what to incoming air? Speeds it up Stops it Warms it Absorbs it20. Which tube carries air down to the windpipe? Sinuses Larynx Tronli Pharynx21. Cellular Respiration begins with _____________. Glycolysis Aerobic respiration Anaerobic respiration Oxidization22. How much carbon dioxide is inhaled? 5% 4.5% 0.1% 0.04%23. Fermentation of yeast leads to bread rising because... Alcohol evaporates from the bread. Carbon dioxide is used in the fermentation. Carbon dioxide bubbles form during fermentation and these bubble cause the bread to rise. Oxygen bubbles form during fermentation and these make the bread rise.24. The air that we inhale contains mostly oxygen. True False25. A large muscle that separates the chest cavity from the abdominal cavity and helps with breathing Larynx Liver Diaphragm Trachea26 out of 25Time is Up!