10/05/2020 Respiration(Senior Class Biology Study by Topics Test) 0Comments by Gate Academy Please fill in the information below. NAME EMAIL PHONE NUMBER 1. This structure prevents food or water from entering the trachea. EpiglottisThyroid cartilageNasopharynxArytenoid cartilage2. In the production of yogurt, bacteria are dead at a temperature of 4.5oCTrueFalse3. Lactic Acid forms when the muscles respire anaerobically which causes your muscles to get tired. TrueFalse4. When glycolysis occurs, the products can follow three pathways TrueFalse5. When blood pH drops then the amount of oxyhaemoglobin ______________ and oxygen delivery to the tissue cells ___________.Decreases, decreasesDecreases, increasesDoes not change, does not changeIncreases, decreases6. Exhalation begins when Inspiratory muscles relaxDiaphragm contractsBlood circulation is the lowestInspiratory muscles relax and diaphragm contracts7. Which of these is the job of the respiratory system?Inhaling CO2Breaking down food for it to be used by the bodyGas exchange between the external environment and the body's circulatory system.Holding up the body and giving it support and shape.8. How much carbon dioxide is inhaled?0.1%4.5%5%0.04%9. C6H12O6 + 6 O2 --> 6 CO2 + 6 H2O + ATP .....is the equation for what?PhotosynthesisGlucoseAerobic respirationAnaerobic respiration10. When pyruvic acid is produced through glycolysis, it diffuses across the __________. ShellMitochondrial membraneCristaeMitochondrial Matrix11. ________ is a product of alcoholic fermentation GlucosePhosphatesEthyl alcoholYeast12. The main purpose of respiration is for a plant or animal to produce ........AZPEnergyCarbon DioxideWater13. Cellular Respiration begins with _____________. OxidizationAerobic respirationGlycolysisAnaerobic respiration14. Which pathology is caused by a chronic or acute inflammation of the bronchial tubes?EmphysemaHay feverAsthmaBronchitis15. This is located anterior to the oesophagus and carries air to the bronchi.NasopharynxTracheaPharynxLarynx16. Which of the following statements is CORRECT?In exhalation, air pressure decreases to force oxygen outIn exhalation, air pressure increases to force oxygen out.In exhalation, air pressure increases to force carbon dioxide out.In exhalation, air pressure decreases to force carbon dioxide out.17. During gas exchange, oxygen and carbon dioxide diffusion occurs in the:Body tissuesAlveoliVenulesRed blood cells18. The nasal chamber does what to incoming air?Warms itSpeeds it upStops itAbsorbs it19. Large amounts of energy is produced during both aerobic and anaerobic respiration. FalseTrue20. There is a reabsorbing capillary in the nephron to reabsorb nutrients that were just put into the loop of Henle.FalseTrue21. Which pathology is the inflammation of the mucous membrane of the nose, causing a blocked, stuffed and runny nose?RhinitisWhooping coughHayfeverSinusitis22. During swallowing, which structures rises?Palatine tonsilsTracheaPharynxOesophagus23. One of the functions of the pleural membrane is to reduce friction between the lungs and the ribcageTrueFalse24. Fermentation of yeast leads to bread rising because... Carbon dioxide is used in the fermentation.Oxygen bubbles form during fermentation and these make the bread rise.Alcohol evaporates from the bread.Carbon dioxide bubbles form during fermentation and these bubble cause the bread to rise.25. Which pathology is caused by a bacteria, resulting in the alveoli becoming filled with inflammatory cells and becoming solid?PneumoniaPleurisyTracheaSinusitis26 out of 25Time is Up!