10/05/2020Respiration(Senior Class Biology Study by Topics Test) 0Comments by Gate Academy Please fill in the information below. NAME EMAIL PHONE NUMBER 1. The air that we inhale contains mostly oxygen.FalseTrue2. Lactic Acid forms when the muscles respire anaerobically which causes your muscles to get tired.FalseTrue3. During which stage of respiration does the pressure of the thorax decrease, resulting in greater pressure outside of the body?None of the aboveBoth of the aboveExhalationInhalation4. A respiratory surface must haveLarge surface areaMoist environmentB & CDry environment5. Which is a factor that does NOT affect haemoglobin's affinity for oxygen?Partial pressure of the oxygenAmount of oxygen availableRepiratory rateTemperature6. How much carbon dioxide is inhaled?5%4.5%0.1%0.04%7. Which type of blood cell carries oxygen from the lungs around the body?LeucocyteDecomcyteThrombocyteErythrocyte8. Another name for the throat isPharynxTracheaLarynxEpiglottis9. The loop of Henle absorbs metabolic wastes from the...VenuolesGlomerulusCapillariesArterioles10. Where are the electron transport chains in eukaryotic cells?VacuolesInner membranes of MitochondriaThe NucleusThe Nucleolus11. One of the functions of the pleural membrane is to reduce friction between the lungs and the ribcageTrueFalse12. During gas exchange, oxygen and carbon dioxide diffusion occurs in the:AlveoliVenulesRed blood cellsBody tissues13. If someone smokes cigarettes constantly for a long time, their alveoli will eventually be coated with tar. This is bad because...It does not as good as when they are not coated.The alveoli cannot move as well when they are coated.Its more difficult to diffuse things in and out of the lungs.The alveoli do not have room to grow.14. Which organ breaks down old red blood cells and stores iron for hemoglobin?LungsKidneyBrainLiver15. This structure prevents food or water from entering the trachea.Arytenoid cartilageEpiglottisThyroid cartilageNasopharynx16. ATP can be synthesized by chemiosmosis only if electrons continue to move from molecule to molecule in the ETC.TrueFalse17. Which of the following statements is CORRECT?In exhalation, air pressure increases to force carbon dioxide out.In exhalation, air pressure decreases to force carbon dioxide out.In exhalation, air pressure increases to force oxygen out.In exhalation, air pressure decreases to force oxygen out18. What carries air into the lungs.SinusesAlveoliBronchi and bronchiole tubesNone of the above19. Which part of the respiratory system produces sound?BronchiTracheaPharynxLarynx20. Which of the following serves as the voicebox?LarynxTracheaPharynxBronchi21. Aerobic respiration has two stages.TrueFalse22. How many number of phosphates does ADP energy have324123. Pitch is controlled byLayers of cartilage in the vocal chordsTension of the vocal chordsArrangement of the vocal chordsVibration of the vocal chords24. Which is the last stop of the urinary tract?BladderUreterKidneyUrethra25. Oxygen debt is...The amount of oxygen needed to rid the body of lactic acid.The oxygen needed to be taken into the body for anaerobic respirationThe oxygen needed for photosynthesisThe oxygen needed to breathe.26 out of 25Time is Up!