10/05/2020 Organisms and Their Environment(Senior Class Biology Study by Topics Test) 0Comments by Gate Academy Please fill in the information below. NAME EMAIL PHONE NUMBER 1. Study of how living things interact with one another and the environment.EcologyEcosystemEcological SuccessionFood Web2. Space where an organism lives and the role an organism plays within its ecosystem is referred to as a:SamplingNicheCommunityPopulation3. An organism that is killed and eaten by another organismFood webHostParasiticPrey4. The largest percentage of solar energy that penetrates the atmosphere of the Earth is used toHeat and evaporate water.Carry on photosynthesis.Heat the atmosphere and the Earth’s surface.Generate winds.5. All the living things in an environment such as bacteria, plants, and animals.AutotrophsBioticFood ChainLimiting factors6. All the different populations that live and interact in an environment.NicheBiospherePopulationCommunity7. Albedo is a measure of the percentage of light that is:Absorbed by an object.Transmitted through the atmosphere.Reflected by an object.Converted into sugar by photosynthesis.8. The following examples are all parts of a forest ecosystem. The biotic factor among these examples would be…. Air carrying a skunk’s odorSunlight drying wet tree leaves.Bacteria on a decaying logWater wetting sand9. For the food web below:What does the praying mantis represent?A producer.A primary consumer.A tertiary consumer.A secondary consumer.10. Nonliving parts of the environment such as soil, water, sunlight.DecomposersBioticScavengerAbiotic11. A relationship between two organisms in which one organism benefits and the other is unaffected SymbiosisCommensalismParasilismMutualsim12. The part of Earth where life exists CommunityEcosystemBioshpereEcologist13. An organism that consumes dead organisms and organic waste, example – bacteria, fungusParasiteProducerHerbivoreDecomposer14. The graph below shows the changes in the size of the populations of two different species of paramecia placed in one beaker.What can be concluded from this graph?Paramecium B is the predator, paramecium A is the prey.The introduction of paramecium B is followed by a decline in the population of paramecium A.Paramecium A is the predator, paramecium B is the prey.Paramecium B reaches a steady state of growth.15. Which of the following sequences goes from the simplest level to the most complex?Community, population, ecosystemPopulation, ecosystem, communityPopulation, community, ecosystemCommunity, ecosystem, population16. A deer prancing about is an example of a(n)CommunityOrganismPopulationEcosystem17. Consider this food chain: algae --> water fleas --> minnows --> trout --> bear The minnows in this food chain are:Top carnivores.Secondary carnivores.Primary carnivores.Tertiary carnivores.18. A representation of interconnected food chains that show more complex feeding relationships between producers, consumers, and decomposers.Limiting FactorFood WebBiodiversityEcology19. An organism that uses light energy to make its own food. HostAutotrophConsumerParasite20. A group of organisms of the same species living in a particular area at a particular timeCommunityEcosystemOrganismPopulation21. A consumer is:An organism that produces its own food.An organism that does not need food to survive.An abiotic organism.An organism that cannot produce its own food.22. How is an ecosystem different than a community? Ecosystems contain only abiotic factors in an areaNone of theseEcosystems contain only biotic factors in an areaEcosystems contain both abiotic factors and biotic factors in an area23. Heterotrophs obtain energy from all of the following except: Solar radiation.HerbivoresOther heterotrophsAutotrophs24. An organism that creates its own food is called:A producerA decomposerA consumerA scavenger25. A freshwater lake has a muddy bottom, which is home to different types of algae and other organisms. Many species of fish feed on the algae. Which of the following is an abiotic factor in this ecosystem?The number of species of fishNone of the aboveThe amount of food available to the fishThe temperature of the water26 out of 25Time is Up!