10/05/2020 Gas Exchange in Humans(Senior Class Biology Study by Topics) 0Comments by Gate Academy Please fill in the information below. NAME EMAIL PHONE NUMBER 1. Carbon monoxide is a chemical found in tobacco smoke. It is known to reduce the efficiency of transportation of oxygen in the red blood cell. 'Infer, which structure is affected by carbon monoxide in red blood cell.NucleusShapeThin wallsHaemoglobin2. Oxygen rich blood is pumped out of which chamber of the heart into the aorta?Right VentricleLeft VentricleLeft AtriumRight Atrium3. Which of these is the job of the respiratory system?Holding up the body and giving it support and shape.Gas exchange between the external environment and the body's circulatory system.Breaking down food for it to be used by the body.All of the above4. What percentage of Oxygen makes up air?21%40%50%31%5. Small air sacs in the lungs where many capillaries exchange carbon dioxide for oxygen taken into the body.TracheaBronchiAlveoliSinuses6. This tube carries air down to the windpipe.SinusesBronchiPharynxLarynx7. Which of the following statements is TRUEDuring inhalation, external intercostal muscles relax and internal intercostal muscles contract.Only diaphragm, intercostal muscles and sternum, is involved in inhalation and exhalationSternum move upward and forward exhalation.Changes of the volume of cavity are workings of only the intercostal muscles and diaphragm.8. What units are used to describe the measure of Atmospheric Pressure?MmHg (millimetres of mercury)Ng (Nanograms)Mm (Millimetres)Cm (Centimetres)9. What are the parts of the Respiratory System?Intercostal Muscles, Lungs, Trachea, Larynx, Pharynx, Bronchi, Bronchioles, Alveoli, Nasal CavityThroat, Bronchioles, Bronchi, Alveoli, Stomach, RibsLungs, Alveoli, Ribs, Liver Lungs,Trachea, Larynx, Pharynx, Bronchi, Bronchioles, Alveoli, Nasal Cavity, Heart10. What is Asthma? When your lungs start to deteriorateInflammation of the ThroatInflammation of the inner noseWhen you have difficulty breathing11. The _____________ is the wind pipe and filters oAlvosisNone of the aboveBronchisisTrachea12. A large muscle that separates the chest cavity from the abdominal cavity and helps with breathing. TracheaLarynxEpigottiDiaphragm13. Which of the following statements is FALSEC-shaped rings of cartilage are specialized structures of the tracheaHeart is found in the thoracic cavityGlands cells secreting mucus help trap dust particle in the tracheaCilia in the trachea helps in breathing, to sweep air into the lungs14. Name Structure D and EBronchus, BronchioleAlveoli, BronchusBronchiole, BronchiBronchi, Bronchiole15. Lymph tissue and lymph nodes that protect the body from infection:None of theseAlveoli and sinusesBronchi and tracheaAdenoids and tonsils16. A flap over the trachea that keeps out food and anything else that could clog the trachea.LarynxSinusesPharynxEpiglottis17. Name Structure A, B & C Trachea, Larynx, PharynxTrachea, Larynx, BronchusLarynx, Trachea, PharynxPharynx, Larynx, Trachea18. What exactly happens that allows you to breathe? E lets air into lungs then C takes in HydrogenA contracts letting air into the lungsD contracts letting air into lungsA contracts allowing I to let air out19. Which vessel(s) carry deoxygenated blood to the lungs?Pulmonary CapillariesSuperior and Inferior Vena CavaLeft and Right Pulmonary ArteriesRight and Left Pulmonary veins20. CO2 + H2OH2CO3H+ + HCO3-The reaction above take place in the red blood cell. Infer what happens when the red blood cell is in an area of high concentration of CO2The reaction move to the rightThe reaction remains unchangedThe reaction move to the leftThe red blood cell shrink21. From the diagram above Structure F is well adapted for its function of ______InhalationAnaerobic respirationGaseous ExchangeAerobic Respiration22. What is the pathway air takes during inhalation and exhalation? Mouth, Trachea, LungsMouth, Lungs, TracheaMouth, Trachea, Stomach, LungsLungs, Mouth23. Where does gas exchange occur in the respiratory system and what exactly diffuses in and out of the blood?Lungs, Oxygen and NitrogenAlveoli, Oxygen and Carbon DioxideLungs, Carbon Dioxide and GlucoseDiaphragm, Oxygen and Carbon Dioxide24. How is carbon dioxide transported in the blood? Binding to plasmaBy combing with water in the plasma to produce bicarbonateBinding with haemoglobinBinding to white blood cells25. What is Bronchitis? Inflammation of the Bronchial TubesInflammation of the MouthInflammation of the spineInflammation of the Lungs26 out of 25Time is Up!