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  • These are words which indicate an action or a state and tell us what a noun or pronoun does.
Forms of Verbs
  1. Transitive Verbs: This is when the verb has an object that receives the action. For example:
    1. She killed a dog
    2. He kicked the ball
  2. Intransitive Verbs: This is when the verb’s action ends with the verbs. For example:
    1. The water has evaporated
    2. Ma Chidi has died
    3. They have come
  3. Auxiliary Verb: This is a helping verb. It works with the main verb. E.g. has, can, might, have, may, must, shall, should, would, could, had, do, will, etc. For example:
    1. He has come
    2. She can teach English language
  4. Lexical verb: Unlike the auxiliary verb which helps, lexical verbs are main verbs which can stand on their own. For example:
    1. I see the light
    2. He runs fast
  5. Regular Verb: They are verbs you can predict their simple past from the present form. For example:
    1. Drink, drank, drunk
    2. Eat, ate, eaten
    3. Go, went, gone
  6. Participle: These are verbal adjectives qualifying nouns but retaining some properties of a verb, i.e. When a verb is doing the work of an adjective. For example:
    1. hurrying and hurried
    2. moving and moved
  7. Non-finite Verb: While a finite verb expresses action or state of being, a non-finite verb does the function of an adjective or noun in a sentence. It is classed into: gerund, infinitive, and participle.