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Use of Capital Letters

Rule One

  • Capitalize the first letter of the first word of every sentence.
    • For example:
      • The heavy wind affected the telegraph line.
      • John went home.
      • Martins is sick.

Rule Two

  • Capitalize the first letter of proper nouns and adjectives derived from proper nouns.
    • For example:
      • Nigeria – Nigerian
      • Shakespeare – Shakespearean
      • England – English
  • But do not capitalize if the proper names have acquired independent common meaning or have taken a specialized meaning.
    • For example:
      • morocco (leather)
      • china (dishes)

Rule Three

  • Capitalize the first letter of the names of months, days of the week, and names of holidays.
    • For example:
      • January
      • February
      • Sunday
      • Tuesday
      • Christmas day
      • Easter
      • the New Year’s day
  • But do not capitalize the first letter of the names of seasons.
    • For example:
      • winter
      • spring
      • summer
      • dry season
      • rainy season

Rule Four

  • Capitalize the first letter of names of buildings, organizations, and institutions, governmental agencies, departments, names of historical documents and events.
    • For example:
      • Lion building
      • Organization of African Unity
      • Federal electoral commission
      • English department

Rule Five

  • Capitalize the first letter of names of governmental bodies, offices or courts.
    • For example:
      • State House
      • Census Office
      • Supreme Court

Rule Six

  • Capitalize the first letters of names of religious leaders, the various appellations for God and Christianity
    • For example:
      • Psalm
      • Jesus Christ
      • the Father
      • the Son
      • the Holy Ghost
      • Acts of Apostles

Rule Seven

  • Capitalize the first letters of street names and parks.
    • For example:
      • Simpson Street
      • Murtala Mohammed Park

Rule Eight

  • Capitalize the names of political parties, movement, and their adherent.
    • For example:
      • Nigerian Peoples party
      • a Socialist
      • a Communist

Rule Nine

  • Capitalize the first letter of all important words in the title of books, newspapers, magazines, chapters, articles, poems
    • For example:
      • The Use of English for Higher Education

Rule Ten

  • Capitalize the first letter of abbreviations of titles preceding or following a name and the abbreviations of academic degrees.
    • For example:
      • Mr. Chukwudi
      • Henry Chico, Esq. B.A. Ph.D.
Minimum 4 characters