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Synonyms and Antonyms

SYNONYMS
  • Synonyms are words that are nearest in meaning.
  • A word that serves as a synonym to headwords is a noun, adjective, verb, or adverb.
  • A synonym is a word, or in some cases, a phrase that has the same meaning as another word with regards to the same language.
  • If the meaning is not exactly the same, the words have very similar meanings in the context.
  • When two words are synonyms of one another, we call them ‘synonymous words’
  • Using ‘jump’ as an example, the words ‘leap’, ‘bounce’, ‘hop’ are all synonymous to ‘jump’, i.e. they have the same (or very similar) meanings.
ANTONYMS
  • Now as opposed to a synonym, an antonym is a word whose meaning is exactly opposite to another word in the same language.
  • It originates from the Greek word ‘anti’, which stands for opposite and ‘onym’, which stands for ‘name’.
  • For example: the antonym for ‘hot’ is ‘cold’, and the antonym for ‘up’ is ‘down’
  • Antonyms are actually quite useful in the English language.
  • At times, it is easy to understand the meaning and the context of a difficult word, by knowing what the opposite of the word means.
  • For example: ‘mundane’, whose synonym is ‘humdrum’. The antonym for mundane is ‘extraordinary’ or ‘imaginative’; now, the word ‘mundane’ has a much better clarity.
Examples of Synonyms and Antonyms

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