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Parts of Speech - The Adverb

  • The adverb is a word which tells use more about the action of the verb, i.e. how it took place, where it took place, when it took place, etc.
  • For example:
    • Janie spoke tirelessly (how)
    • Adam visited last week (when)
    • Keechi has gone to New York (where)
Kinds of Adverbs
  • Adverb of Manner:
    • This denotes the way the action is performed
    • For example:
      • The speaker walked laboriously to his seat
      • The job was expertly executed
  • Adverb of Place:
    • This shows where the action took place
    • For example:
      • The car was parked at the garage
      • Allen’s office is across the street
  • Adverb of Time:
    • This indicates when the action took place
    • For example:
      • The father is expected back next week
      • The ship came into harbor last week
  • Adverb of Reason:
    • This indicates the reason for the action, and answers the question – why?
    • They include for, as, since, because, etc.
    • For example:
      • The child cried because she was beaten
  • Adverb of Purpose:
    • This tells us the purpose for which the action of a verb took place
    • They include: so that, so, etc.
    • For example:
      • The students stay in a dormitory so that they could become accustomed to not staying with their parents
  • Adverb of Comparison:
    • Just like adjective of comparison, this has three degrees:
      • Positive (e.g. near)
      • Comparative (e.g. nearer)
      • Superlative (e.g. nearest)
  • Adverb of Condition:
    • This emphasizes the condition under which an action is possible or impossible.
    • They include: unless, except, provided, etc.
    • For example:
      • Unless the bonus is paid, the workers are going to strike
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