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Adjectives and Adverbs in Sentences

  • Adjectives qualify nouns while adverbs modify verbs, adjectives, and sounds
  • For example:
    • Nahim runs very fast (degree – to what extent?)
    • Ikenna sleeps by 4 am (time – when?)
    • Ikenna eats because he wants to be satisfied. (reason)
    • —-
    • Adjective: The man’s quick steps took him to his door
    • Adverb: The man quickly walked to his door
    • —-
    • Adjective: Ikechi was anxious to know the story
    • Adverb: Ikechi anxiously wanted to hear the story
    • —-
    • Adjective: The young man was wise to listen to the master
    • Adverb: The young man wisely listened to the master
Comparison of Two Words
  • In comparison, we use adjectives and adverbs of manner to compare
  • We compare two things that differ,
  • We compare more than two things that differ
  • For example:
    • Josephine is faster than Dorcas
    • Andrew is taller than David
    • Justin is smaller than Joseph
  • In comparing two things that differ, we ad -er to the adjective or adverb of manner, and follow it with them.
    • Also, before adding -er to an adjective or adverb of manner that ends with ‘y’, you change ‘y’ to ‘i’ and add -er. For example:
      • lonely – lonelier,
      • lovely – lovelier,
      • busy – busier,
      • happy – happier, etc.
    • For adjectives that have more than two syllables, we place ‘more’ before them, and add ‘than’. For example:
      • beautiful – more beautiful than,
      • serious – more serious than,
      • interesting – more interesting than,
      • studious – more studious than, etc.
    • Less is the opposite of more and we use it to compare things of a lesser degree. For example:
      • serious – less serious than,
      • important – less important than, etc.
  • In comparing more than two things that differ, we add -est to the adjectives and adverb of manner that are used to compare more than two things and this is called a superlative form. For example:
      • Ibezim is the tallest boy in year 8.
      • Goodluck is the shortest boy in here.
      • John is the slimmest in the school
    • NOTE: Determiner ‘the’ comes immediately before the superlative form. For example:
      • The slimmest
      • The longest
      • The finest
    • For adjectives and adverbs of manner that end with ‘y’, we change the ‘y’ to ‘i’ and add ‘est’. For example:
      • happy – the happiest,
      • busy – the busiest,
      • lovely – the loveliest,
      • lonely – the loneliest, etc.
    • For adjectives and adverbs that have more than two syllables, we add ‘the most’. For example:
      • serious – the most serious,
      • intelligent – the most intelligent,
      • important – the most important, etc.
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